The Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA) (20 U.S.C. § 1232g; 34 C.F.R. Part 99) is a federal law that protects the privacy of student records by prohibiting schools from disclosing the personally identifiable information in student education records.
FERPA was enacted in 1974 and applies to all schools that receive funds from an applicable program of the U.S. Department of Education.
Watch the video or read the transcript below to find out more about FERPA and how you can stay compliant.
What Is a Student Education Record?
According to FERPA, student education records are defined as the “records, files, documents, and other materials which (1) contain information directly related to a student; and (2) are maintained by an educational agency or institution or by a person acting for such agency or institution.”
There is a range of student education record types, including:
- Financial information
- Disciplinary files
- All personal information
- Student course history
- Student transcripts
- Immunization & health records
Ensuring You’re FERPA Compliant
To be sure you’re staying compliant with FERPA, there are multiple things to keep in mind, such as compliance requirements like record retention, as well as penalties for FERPA noncompliance.
How Long Should Student Records Be Kept?
According to FERPA, there’s no formal retention time for student records. There are, however, many state laws that set retention restrictions.
As a general rule of thumb, schools should keep temporary student information like attendance records for at least 5 years after a student no longer attends, and permanent records should be kept for at least 60 years.
When Student Records Can Be Shared
FERPA’s main purpose is to protect the privacy of student records and information, but there are some exceptions for who they can be shared with, including:
- School officials with legitimate educational interest
- Other schools to which a student is transferring
- Specified officials for audit or evaluation purposes
- Parties in connection with student financial aid
- Accrediting organizations
- Officials in cases of health and safety emergencies
- State and local authorities within a juvenile justice system, pursuant to specific state law
Consequences of FERPA Noncompliance
When schools, school districts, and other education agencies and institutions fail to comply with FERPA, they will lose their funding from the Department of Education.
Like other potential retention requirements from state laws, there also may be additional penalties from states for improper disclosure or misuse of student education records.
Create Your Student Record Management Strategy
The average class of 30 students will use 830 sheets of paper per student per year, meaning schools with 100 teachers or 3,000 students will use roughly 250,000 sheets per year.
With student records being produced that quickly, it’s critical that they’re well-managed, in turn making it valuable to consider implementing a paperless student records management strategy.
Scanning Student Education Records
To streamline their management and simplify tracking their storage, backfile scanning can be used to convert existing student education records while day-forward scanning can be used to convert new ones as soon as they are created.
Compared to paper, digital students records take up a fraction of the space.
And besides the logistics of space costs, when records are scanned and implemented in a system, they are indexed and optical character recognition (OCR) is used to keep student record management organized in the short-term.
Storing & Managing Electronic Student Records
When indexing is used, cloud or document storage software allows you to sort and search for files by name, date, and other filters. Further, with OCR the new files can be edited after scanning rather than being a basic image.
In the long-term, another benefit of using a DMS is its ability to track retention, which although 60 years is a long time, will eventually come in handy.
Interested In Learning More About Paperless Student Records?
Join the school districts and other organizations that have used Record Nations to find the best scanning and storage services for their student records needs by contacting us today. For a free no-obligation quote from providers near you, fill out the form, give us a call at (866) 385-3706, or contact us directly using our live chat.